Food Security, Health and Nutrition, Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
We want to ensure food and nutrition security and resilience of rural households in an environment protected from the effects of climate change.
To promote capacity building of rural producers and actors involved in agricultural and livestock production through access to quality inputs and new production techniques, rural entrepreneurship, agricultural processing while developing the agricultural value chain.
The beneficiaries of the program
- Vulnerable groups
- Agricultural producers of middle- income
- Agricultural cooperatives
- Agribusiness oriented- producers
- Poor households and local communities in general
The categories of our beneficiaries make it necessary to think about appropriate interventions and approaches. It is certain that families with malnourished children do not have the same challenges as progressive producers who are looking for a market for their agricultural production. This is why the different approaches are applied in a holistic vision of development of households and rural communities.
Approaches developed by the Program FARN: Learning and Nutritional Rehabilitation Home
There are two types of chronic malnutrition, which can be detected by the height/age ratio, and moderate or severe acute malnutrition, stages that constitute a medical emergency and require rapid treatment, which is detected by the weight/height ratio. In Burundi, according to the results of the National Survey on Nutritional Situation and Mortality (ENSNMB, 2018), 64.6% of the population lives below the poverty line (ECVMB-2014) with a structural vulnerability that explains the critical nutritional situation of children with a high prevalence of chronic malnutrition (56%).The prevalence of chronic malnutrition is 57.0% (56.1-57.9) with 25.6% (24.8-26.4), in its severe form. This rate of nearly 6 out of 10 children is far higher than the alert threshold of 40% set by the WHO.
At the national level, children aged 24 to 59 months and 12 to 23 months are the most affected, with 61.4% and 60.7% respectively. The national underweight prevalence rate according to the weight-for-age ratio is 30%.
Impact for the last four years of implementation of the FARN approach (2016-2020)
PIP approach: Farmer Integrated Plan
Since 2020, ERB has been experimenting with this approach in its food security and rural resilience project in Cibitoke province on three beneficiary households. The capacity building of 300 innovative farmers on the tools of the approach, namely: SWOT analysis; the family sheet; the household photo tree and the action plan. Thus, this approach becomes unique and innovative in the sense that it allows the development of the family vision and consequently, the planning of the household development becomes the starting point to ensure its food security for the majority of the population, 93% of which live on agriculture. The beneficiary households share family and farming tasks. Each member is an actor and responsible in the execution of the family vision and devotes his or her time to executing the family plan. ERB proceeded with the methodological steps advocated by the approach: identification of the first beneficiaries, capacity building, PIP competitions and transmission of knowledge from the first beneficiaries to the second generation, Financial Inclusion/Savings and Credit Solidarity Groups (GSEC). In this stage of financial inclusion, ERB uses the Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) approach
Caisse de Resilience ( CdR)
In partnership with FAO on funding from the European Union, ERB has been implementing food security and nutrition projects based on the Resilience Fund Approach (RFA) since 2017 in the Provinces of Bujumbura Rural, Bubanza, Cibitoke and Karuzi. This Approach focused on rural communities that links and integrates productive, financial and social activities. This approach promotes the empowerment and engagement of communities in the application of good agricultural techniques as well as environmental, economic and social practices
Approach: Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR)
In partnership with its partners, notably CORDAID, the NGO ERB uses an approach called “Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction” CMDRR. This approach consists of facilitating local communities to identify disaster risks and vulnerabilities followed by the formulation of Development Plans and Contingency Plans to strengthen climate resilience at the local community level. The Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction approach is complemented by other approaches such as FFS (Farmer Field Schools), Resilience Funds, and PIP (Farmer Integrated Plan) in the implementation of development and disaster risk mitigation plans.
Integration of program approaches
The integration of approaches allows for the resilience of rural communities and poor households. The FARN, CEP, Caisse de Résilience, PIP and GCRRC approaches complement each other. For example, families with malnourished children need food assistance while progressive producers need agricultural processing and market access. Different approaches are applied to different categories of beneficiaries.